This literature review focuses on teacher attrition and turnover based upon data from country members of the OECD, particularly English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and countries in western and northern (Scandinavian) Europe
In the education system, teacher attrition is one of the most disturbing phenomena in developed countries in recent years. Despite the fact that this process is natural and even positive for the proper dropouts, for the education system and for society, it has some serious implications for the profession, teachers’ quality, disparity in education and public expenditures in general. High rates of teacher attrition present an obstacle for students’ development and for providing qualified educational services, and they may lead to hiring inexperienced or unfit teachers.
This literature review focuses on the practical expression of different aspects in the field of human resource management in the education system, and on the issue of management authority in regards to these aspects as emphasized in the structure of the education system and the relations between high and peripheral managerial ranks. The review analyzes the aspects of human capital evaluation and staffing, program development and mentorship, interpersonal relationship among employees, reporting and information, salaries, benefits, and budget concerns.
This literature review analyzes the process of teacher evaluation around the globe, and it examines various assessment tools as well as teacher perceptions in regards to these processes. Teacher evaluation processes are based upon formal evaluations, class observations, peer reviews and feedbacks, self-evaluations, and additional data based upon students’ achievements. The review questions the relevance and effectivity of the teacher evaluation criteria, the impact of school autonomy on the evaluation process, as well as other factors that shape different types of teacher evaluation and their extent.